Economic stability promotes gift-exchange in the workplace

in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 187

par Bejarano, Hernán ; Corgnet, Brice (19..-....) ; Gómez-Miñambres, Joaquín

2021 - 374-398 p. | En anglais

We extend Akerlof’s (1982) gift-exchange model to the case in which reference wages respond to changes in economic conditions. Our model shows that these changes spur disagreements between workers and employers regarding the reference wage. These disagreements tend to weaken the gift-exchange relationship, thus reducing production levels and wages. We find support for these predictions in a controlled yet realistic workplace environment. Our work also sheds light on several stylized facts regarding employment relationships, such as the increased intensity of labor conflicts when economic conditions are unstable.

Voir la revue «Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization»

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